The port of Le Havre is a major French seaport for commerce and passengers (link to England). It is also a marina and fishing port on the English Channel. Located in Le Havre in Seine Maritime, and extending over several municipalities to the east of the Seine estuary, it was created in 1517 on the order of François 1er and at the request of a Norman elite (mainly of Rouen and Caen). The construction of this port is at the origin of the foundation of the city of Le Havre. After its annihilation during the Allied bombings of September 5 and 6, 1944, the city center was rebuilt between 1945 and 1964 according to the plan of a team of architects and town planners led by Auguste Perret. Placed north of the mouth of the Seine, at the western end of the maritime facade of Northern Europe called the "European North Range" (or by the anglicism Northern range), and effectively connected to a rear - dense country (Rouen and Paris), it is one of the leading European ports. The port of Le Havre is also the headquarters and the most important site of the Grand Port Autonome de l'Axe-Seine, the result of the merger in 2021 of the Grand Ports Maritimes of Le Havre, Rouen and Gennevilliers. In terms of total freight traffic, it was the 58th port in the world in 2013 and the second French port (behind the Port of Marseille) in 2014, with traffic of 67,574,000 tonnes. It is the leading French port in terms of containerized traffic with nearly 2.2 million TEUs* in 2011. In 2016, this traffic amounted to 2.5 million TEUs, ranking it eleventh among ports Europeans. Since June 1, 2021, it has been replaced by HAROPA PORT - the major river-sea port on the Seine axis - in accordance with the provisions of Ordinance No. 2021-604 of May 19, 2021, resulting from its merger with the Ports of Paris and Rouen.
*Twenty-foot equivalent unit, or TEU, is an approximate unit of measurement for terminals and container ships based on the volume of a 20-foot (6.1-meter) container ). It is used to simplify the calculation of the volume of containers in a terminal or on a ship. It is a metal box of standardized size which can be transferred between different modes of transport such as ships, barges or even trains.